As a rule, menstruation is accompanied by dragging pain, since it involves active contraction of the uterus, which is actually “forcing outward” rejected endometrium. In case the woman observes menstrual cramps but no period, it is appropriate to assume one of the possible causes: ovulation, presence of functioning cysts or their disruption, twisting of uterine adnexa, pelvic inflammations, neuralgia or adhesions, uterine or adnexal neoplasms, endometriosis or adenomyosis, as well as pregnancy or disturbance of its course. Apart from the mentioned reasons, cramps can also have non-gynecological etiology.
Period is the process of discharge of blood and admixtures from the vagina due to the rejection of endometrial lining (uterine mucous lining), which was preparing itself for possible pregnancy during the previous cycle. The following symptoms are considered to be classical period symptoms:
- Rapid weight gain and general swelling;
- Painful breasts;
- Purulent rash on the face and low neck;
- Digestion disorders (diarrhea or constipation);
- Emotional instability.
Besides, in the majority of women this process provokes period cramps, which is associated with active contraction of the uterus, “pushing outwards” the no more necessary tissue.
Ovulation cramps, similar to period cramps
Approximately in the middle of the cycle the matured ovum emerges from the follicle, which turns into the so-called yellow body – a gland, producing progesterone. Ovulation itself may be accompanied by dragging abdominal pain, caused by the ovulating ovary, as well as by discharge of a little amount of blood from the vessels, affected in this process.
Cysts that can provoke menstrual cramps but no period
The situation, when for this or that reason the ovum does not emerge from the follicle, results in the formation of the so-called follicular cyst. It provokes acute cramps with no subsequent periods. Usually, the period does not occur on the expected date.
The above mentioned yellow body cysts are marked with similar symptoms. They can be functional and dysfunctional, depending on their ability to influence the menstrual cycle.
Cysts run the risk of disruption – an acute life-threatening gynecological pathology, requiring immediate hospitalization. The main symptom of this complication is pungent pain and/or vaginal bleeding.